Secretary of Housing & Urban Development

December 14, 2008 at 5:14 pm | Posted in Department of Housing & Urban Development | 3 Comments
Tags: , ,

Shaun Donovan, Commissioner of the New York City Department of Housing Preservation and Development (HPD) since March 2004, was confirmed by the Senate on January 23, 2009 as Secretary of Housing & Urban Development (HUD).

HUD’s mission is to increase homeownership, support community development and increase access to affordable housing free from discrimination.

Block of slum houses with outside toilets and water supply, Washington, D.C.  July 1935

Block of slum houses with outside toilets and water supply, Washington, D.C. July 1935

Through the combined efforts of President Franklin Roosevelt, Catherine Bauer, Mary Simkhovitch and other Progressive reformers, the Housing Act of 1937 was passed, creating the United States Housing Administration.

Work starts on Swanson House, USHA (U.S. Housing Administration)-financed defense housing project, Virginia.  July 1941

Work starts on Swanson House, USHA (U.S. Housing Administration)-financed defense housing project, Virginia. July 1941

Stiff opposition continued even after its passage. In 1939 the National Association of Real Estate Boards newsletter opined, “United States Housing Authority projects now underway are undiluted socialism…”

There is plenty of fresh air and sunlight for the workers children in the FHA (Federal Housing Administration) low income housing project. Holyoke, Massachusetts.  September 1941

There is plenty of fresh air and sunlight for the workers' children in the FHA (Federal Housing Administration) low income housing project. Holyoke, Massachusetts. September 1941

The Lanham Act of 1940 amended the Housing Act of 1937 in part to fund development of housing for low-income rural residents migrating to the cities to take defense industry factory jobs.

Slum housing conditions on the outskirts of a steel mill. Ensley, Alabama.  February 1937

Slum housing conditions on the outskirts of a steel mill. Ensley, Alabama. February 1937

World War II also put pressure on the rural housing markets as a result of expansion of military bases, training areas and defense contractor facilities.  To accommodate this expansion, thousands of American families were relocated off their farms.

Mr. M.B. Kiechle watching his grandson moving out of the area being taken over by Pine Camp expansion. Mr. Kiechles own farm is just outside the boundary line of the area.  August 1941

Mr. M.B. Kiechle watching his grandson moving out of the area being taken over by Pine Camp expansion. Mr. Kiechle's own farm is just outside the boundary line of the area. August 1941

In response to continued opposition of business interests, the Lanham Act required that housing built for the war effort be demolished or sold after the war so it would not compete with .the private housing market.

FHA (Federal Housing Administration) low income housing project. Holyoke, Massachusetts.  September 1941

FHA (Federal Housing Administration) low income housing project. Holyoke, Massachusetts. September 1941

Returning GIs had access to low-interest, no-money-down home loans. The housing shortage caused many communities to abandon the requirement to demolish. Although some of the housing built for the war effort was demolished, some was sold off to returning GIs.

Federal Housing Administration housing. San Diego, California.  May 1941

Federal Housing Administration housing. San Diego, California. May 1941

The Department of Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965 replaced a number of federal housing agencies, including the US Housing Administration, with one new, Cabinet-level agency, HUD.

Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968 (also known as the Fair Housing Act or simply the Civil Rights Act) was passed to address some of the failures of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to adequately protect people from discrimination in housing.

Detroit, Michigan. Looking over slum houses. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.  February 1942

Detroit, Michigan. Looking over slum houses. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project. February 1942

HUD continues to be a controversial agency impeded in its mission by mismanagement, corruption and opposition to its goals.

HUD urban development in Baltimore, Maryland.  2008

HUD urban development in Baltimore, Maryland. 2008

(Black & white photographs courtesy of The Library of Congress; photograph of HUD housing courtesy of HUD)

Advertisements

3 Comments »

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

  1. […] of Housing and Urban Development (Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs) Shaun Donovan Secretary of Transportation (Commerce, Science & Transportation) (Rumored: Manny […]

  2. […] Federal Art Project, housing, HUD While writing up a piece about President-Elect Obama’s nomination of Shaun Donovan as Secretary of Housing & Urban Development, I came across posters promoting better housing. […]

  3. […] writing a post about the nomination of Shaun Donovan for the position of Secretary of HUD in the Obama administration, I came across this photograph: Detroit, Michigan. Looking over slum […]


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Blog at WordPress.com.
Entries and comments feeds.

%d bloggers like this: